Perhaps you love mangoes and want nothing but the sensation of their ripe, juicy flesh touching your lips for that perfectly sweet experience in eating. However, especially if you do not live in a thriving, tropical environment in which mangoes are easily grown, purchasing them at the supermarket might get easily costly, as well as not necessarily yield the same, delicious qualities as those from their native habitats.
That said, you could choose to grow them in your own backyard, for you will have more control of their maturing process to produce solid fruit for any time of the year. You might find it daunting at first, but rest assured, it will not be that bad.
In this article, we are here to tell you how to plant a mango seed for growing some of the best mangoes out there. With a bit of patience and love, you can succeed in your endeavors. Without further ado, let us get to the steps!
What You Will Need for This Tutorial
Before you can get started with planting mango seeds for producing a mango tree, you will need to consider a few items. However, you do not need to worry about obtaining them, as many of these items can be easily found at home, if not at home already. Here are a few for you to check out:
Warm, Humid Environment
Generally speaking, mangoes are best grown in hot, humid temperatures, such as the tropics and subtropics in South and Southeast Asia. While it is possible to grow them in other conditions, you will yield the best, ripest ones when exposed to hot, humid conditions.
Pots (Or Plot of Land)
Depending on what you decide to do, you could choose to plant the mango seed inside of a pot, or decide to do so on a plot of land in your garden. Either way, make sure that the mango seed has plenty of room to grow, for they can mature to as much as fifteen feet and require plenty of sunlight, i.e. are encouraged to be planted outdoors.
When it comes to planting mango seeds, you will to get them somehow; one economical option is by getting them from the mango itself, extracting the seed from the fruit. You could also choose to obtain the grafted sapling, meaning that the tissue of plants are joined together for the plant to continue growing; normally, they take less time to grow compared with straight-up seeds.
You might also want to consider just what type of mango you would like to grow, since there are a large variety in the world. From the Francis to Haden to Kent, you might want to ask a mango expert on the best ones to cultivate for your home.
Mangoes grow best in acidic soil, so check that the pH of your garden is under 7. You can also add enhancers, e.g. peat moss, to the soil to keep it acidic all-year round.
A no-brainer, you will need to make a hole in the soil to keep your seed snug and well-nourished in order to grow. Shovels, spatulas, and hoes are all useful to have around the house to do so.
Just like with any plant out there, mango seeds need water, for it is the essence of life. While mango trees do not necessarily need a huge abundance of water for growing, doing so consistently helps it grow efficiently.
Every once in a while, mango trees will be subjected to weeds or otherwise overgrown leaves, which can hinder growth. That said, giving them a trim from time to time helps them out in the process.
For more information on how to find a good pruner, please check out our article here.
How to Plant a Mango Seed
Prepare for Planting
First things first, you will need to make preparations for the mango seed, particularly when it comes to the environment, soil, potting, and season.
To start off, the environment will need to be, ideally, warm and humid; if you live in an area which does not have that kind of weather, then you can try to find artificial lighting or a greenhouse to substitute in place of it.
For soil, it is best to have an acidic one, on average between 4.5 and 7 on the pH scale. You can also use peat moss to enhance its acidity over time.
Pot or no pot, it is up to you; as long as you have enough space for the mango seed to grow in (for the tree can grow quite large over time), then it should not be a problem.
Season-wise, it depends on the type of mango you decide to grow; typically, they are best planted around late spring to early summer, when there is a nice balance between warmth and rain, for that ideal hot and humid weather.
Obtain the Seed
The easiest way to get the seed is by extracting it from the mango itself. First, eat the mango or cut away the flesh to get to the pit. Clean the pit by removing the fibers and let it dry overnight before using a pit to carefully remove the outer shell to get to the seed.
Germinate the Seed
Before you can properly plant it, you will need to germinate it, or otherwise wake it up from dormancy. To do so, place the seed inside the soil, about an inch or two deep and lightly dampen it as a way to “wake it up.” Expect some sprouts to appear after one to three weeks.
Dig a Hole/Plant the Tree
After it has been germinated, it is time to officially plant the seed! Transfer the seed along with its soil and sprout to another place in the backyard, digging a hole about twice to four times the size of the extracted plant to allow for it to grow to larger proportions without worrying about it tipping off.
Considering that your environment should be already humid, there is not much of a need to heavily water your mango tree. However, watering it consistently is still encouraged!
Trim the Tree
As previously mentioned, any sort of plant, including mango trees, are subjected to weeds and overgrown leaves over time. Therefore, it is necessary to prune them to keep them healthy and growing. Having a good pruning saw should do the trick for these kind of affairs.
Altogether, planting a mango seed to grow a mango tree is not as hard as you might think it is. While there are a few steps to preparing, germinating, and then planting the seed, all of your efforts will be paid off in the long run in the end.
By being patient and taking care of your garden, we guarantee you that you will yield some ripe, juicy, and fresh mangoes that can be consumed right after picking.